Acharya Vinoba Bhave biography
Acharya Vinoba Bhave was not only a non-violent freedom fighter but also a great social reformer and litterateur. His fame also spread as a great spiritual teacher due to his religious outlook.
Mahatma Gandhi’s ideas had a great influence on Vinoba. He also played an active role in many non-violent movements for the independence of the country by Gandhiji, although during this time he also had to go to jail several times.
Along with this, Vinoba ji had raised his voice to remove caste discrimination prevalent in the society and made many efforts to get the Dalit and Harijan classes their rights and started the Bhoomi Daan movement to make many landless living The place was provided. So let’s know about some special things related to the life of this great personality-
Non-violent freedom fighter and great social reformer – Acharya Vinoba Bhave – Vinoba Bhave
Biography of Acharya Vinoba Bhave at a glance – Vinoba Bhave Information
|Full Name||Vinayak Narhari Bhave|
|Birthday||September 11, 1895, Gagode, Colaba District, Maharashtra|
|Father’s Name||Narahari Shambhu|
|Mother Name||Rukmani Devi|
|Awards||Bharat Ratna, 1st Ramon Magsaysay Award|
|Death||15 November 1982, Wardha, Maharashtra|
Birth, early life and education of Acharya Vinoba Bhave – Vinoba Bhave Biography
Non-violent freedom fighter Acharya Vinoba Bhave was born on 11 September 1895 in a family associated with weavers at Gagode in Colaba district, Maharashtra.
His father Narhari Shambhu was a very good weaver, while his mother was a religious and dutiful woman who had a great influence on Vinoba. His grandfather Shambhurao had a lot of support in his upbringing. Not only this, he had also acquired knowledge of religious texts like Bhagavad Gita from his grandfather at an early age.
Vinoba Bhave ji was very promising from the very beginning. But the traditional education system never caught the attention of Vinoba Bhaveji.
Mahatma Gandhi’s influence and his ashram on Vinoba Bhave – Gandhi And Vinoba Bhave
In 1916, when Vinoba Bhave was going to Mumbai for his 12th examination, Mahatma Gandhi gave his impressive speech by the newly formed Banaras Hindu University.
Some portions of Gandhiji’s speech were also printed in newspapers during that time, which Vinoba Bhave ji became acquainted with Gandhiji and then decided not to pursue his further studies and wrote a letter to Gandhiji.
At the same time, on receiving the letter of Vinoba Bhave Ji, Gandhiji invited him to come to his Kochrab Ashram in Ahmedabad.
In this way, on 7 June 1916, Bhaveji met Gandhi for the first time and being impressed by this meeting, he decided to follow Gandhiji’s ideals.
After this, Vinoba Bhave ji started seeing many works including maintenance of kitchen, garden in Gandhiji’s Sabarmati Ashram. Not only did he propagate Khadi garments under Mahatma Gandhi, but he also contributed to the non-violent movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi for independence.
After this, in the year 1921, he started working in Gandhiji’s Wardha Ashram. At the same time, in Gandhiji’s ashram, Mama Phadke addressed him for the first time by the name Vinoba.
Vinoba Bhave’s political journey and jail visits – Vinoba Bhave Political Career
Vinoba Bhave, a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, gave his full support to the non-violent movement for independence of the country. He played an important role in Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement.
In the year 1932, the British government put Acharya Vinoba Bhave in jail for about 6 months, considering his active participation in the freedom movement, he did not scare the British but stood firm on his decision.
After this, in the year 1940, Vinoba Bhave ji again had to go to jail for the agitation against the British and he was sentenced to jail for about 5 years.
While serving the jail sentence, he composed two books called Sithanaprajna Darshan and Ishavasivritti and a script called Loknagari. Along with this, he learned the languages of South India and translated the religious text Bhagavatgita into Marathi language in jail.
After his release from prison, he played an important role in the Civil Disobedience Movement. Along with this, he also raised his voice against the caste discrimination prevailing in the society and made a lot of efforts to get the lower and Harijan classes a proper status in the society.
About three years after the country got independence, Bhave ji started many movements for the upliftment of the society, of which the Bhoodan movement was prominent.
Vinoba Bhave’s role in Bhoodan campaign – Vinoba Bhave Bhoodan Movement
In the year 1951, Bhave ji traveled to the areas involved in the riots in South India. During this time he noticed that many people did not even have enough space to live, after which he talked to the landlords of the village and urged them to donate some land, which resulted in many poor, destitute and landless people having enough space to live. Got it.
After this Vinoba ji in many other states of the country Bhoodan Movement He started this movement for about 13 years. At the same time large number of landlords donated their land. His sacrifice, hard work, dedication and generosity influenced the people on a large scale during this movement.
After the huge success in the Bhoodan movement, Bhaveji started many movements like Shramdaan, Daan, Sarvodaya Patra, Shanti Sena, Jeevan Daan and Abhiyan for the benefit of society.
Vinoba Bhave’s social and religious contribution – Social Worker Vinoba Bhave
The religious text Bhagavad Gita had a great influence on Vinoba Bhave Ji. He understood its importance and followed its ideas in his life.
Bhaveji, with a religious outlook, not only established many ashrams to focus on spirituality but also emphasized the concept of simple living, high thinking. Apart from this, he played an important role in building many religious places.
Bhave ji also did many things for the upliftment of the society and the benefit of the poor. He not only laid the foundation of the Sarvodaya movement, but also established the Brahma Vidya Mandir for women, where the principles of Gandhiji were taught.
Vinoba Bhave’s literary contribution – Vinoba Bhave Books
Acharya Vinoba Bhave ji was a non-violent freedom fighter as well as a good litterateur who in his life wrote books in all languages including Hindi, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Sanskrit, Marathi.
Some famous books written by him-
- Bharat Ratan Acharya Vinoba saga
- Village state, satyagraha
- Sermon proclamation
- Eki Raha
- Nekine Vaga
- Vithobache Darshan
- Unbroken fast
- Geetai dictionary
- Search for non-violence
- Essence of the religious book Geeta
Vinoba Bhave Ji passed away – Vinoba Bhave Death
Acharya Vinoba Bhave ji spent the last day of his life at the Brahma Vidya Mandir in Paunar, Maharashtra. With this, he started following Jainism in his last days and gave up everything.
He made his last breath on November 15, 1982. At the same time, Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India, who was about to leave for Moscow to bid her last farewell to Soviet leader Leonid, but she did not go there after hearing the news of Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s death and the last of Vinoba Bhave Joined the trip.
Vinoba Bhave received the award / award – Vinoba Bhave Award
- In 1983, the non-violent freedom fighter Vinoba Bhave ji was posthumously awarded India’s highest award “Bharat Ratna” by the Government of India.
- In the year 1958, Vinoba Bhave ji was awarded the “International Ramon Mags Award” for community leadership. Bhave ji was the first Indian to receive this award.
Acharya Vinoba Bhave’s precious words – Vinoba Bhave Quotes
- No country should be defended with weapons, but with ethical behavior.
- Without winning the mind, no one can understand the secret of God’s creation.
- No argument is required to prove the truth.
- If we want our nature to be blissful and free, then we should try to bring our activities in the same order.
- There is no value for freedom if there is no border.
- If we walk the same path every day, then we get used to it, and we can walk thinking about other facts, regardless of our steps.
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