Albert Einstein Biography, Wife, Children, Education, Invention

Albert Einstein Biography Albert Einstein was a physicist who developed the general theory of relativity. He is considered one of the most influential scientists of the 20th century.

Albert Einstein was a German mathematician and physicist who developed special and general theories of relativity. In 1921, he won the Nobel Prize in Physics for the explanation of the photoelectric effect. Over the next decade, he immigrated to the US after being targeted by the German Nazi Party.

His work also had a major impact on the development of nuclear power. In his later years, Einstein focused on integrated field theory. With his passion for investigation, Einstein is generally considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century.

early life Albert Einstein Biography

Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Württemberg, Ulm, Germany. Einstein grew up in a secular Jewish family. His father, Herman Einstein, was a salesman and engineer who, along with his brother, founded the Munich-based company Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, which mass-produced electrical equipment. Einstein’s mother, a former Pauline coach, ran the family home. Einstein had a sister, Maja, who was born two years later. Einstein attended primary school at the Litpold Gymnasium in Munich. However, he felt isolated from there and struggled with the rigid style of the institution.

He also had speech challenges, although he developed a passion for classical music and playing the violin, which would remain with him in his later years. Most importantly, Einstein’s youth was marked by deep curiosity and scrutiny. In the late 1880s, Max Talmud, a Polish medical student who occasionally dined with the Einstein family, became an informal teacher for the young Einstein. The Talmud introduced his pupil to a children’s science lesson that inspired Einstein to dream about the nature of light.

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Thus, during his teenage years, Einstein saw what would be seen as his first major paper, “Examining the position of the anther in a magnetic field.” Hermann Einstein moved his family to Milan in the mid-1890s, when his business was lost on a large contract. Einstein was dropped off at a relative’s boarding house in Munich and did his schooling at the Lutpold Gymnasium. Facing military duty on aging, Einstein reportedly withdrew from classes, using a doctor’s note to excuse himself and claim nervous exhaustion. With his son re-appointing him to Italy, his parents understood Einstein’s vision but were concerned about his future prospects as a school dropout and draft dodger.

Their studies Albert Einstein Biography

Einstein was eventually able to gain admission to the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, especially due to his superb mathematics and physics scores in the entrance exam.

He was still required to complete his pre-university education, and was thus attended by Jose Wintner at a high school in Halo, Switzerland. Einstein lived with the school master’s family and fell in love with Wintler’s daughter, Mary. Einstein later renounced his German citizenship and became a Swiss citizen in the dawn of the new century.

Patent clerk

After graduation, Einstein faced major challenges in terms of gaining academic positions, dissuading some professors from not being more regularly present in class in exchange for studying independently.

Einstein eventually found steady work in 1902 after receiving a referral to the clerk position at the Swiss Patent Office. While working in the Patent Office, Einstein had time to pursue ideas during his studies at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology and thus strengthened his theories, which would become known as the Theory of Relativity.

1905 saw what many saw as a “miracle year” for theorist — Einstein had four papers published in the Annalen der Physik, one of the most famous physics journals of the era. Two are focused on photoelectric effects and Brownian motion. Two others, which outlined E = MC2 and the special theory of relativity, were defined for Einstein’s career and course of study of physics.

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Wife and children

Einstein married Mileva Maric on January 6, 1903. While attending school in Zurich, Einstein met Maric, a Serbian physics student. Einstein continued to grow close to Maric, but his parents were strongly against the relationship due to his ethnic background. However, Einstein continued to see him, the two developing a correspondence through letters in which he expressed many of his scientific ideas. Einstein’s father died in 1902, and the two married shortly thereafter.

In the same year the couple had a daughter, Liseral, who was later raised by relatives of Maric or left for adoption. His ultimate fate and whereabouts remain a mystery. The couple has two sons, Hans Albert Einstein (who became a well-known hydraulic engineer) and Eduard “Tete” Einstein (who was diagnosed with schizophrenia as a youth). Einstein’s marriage would not be a happy one, with an emotional breakdown in 1919 in relation to two divorces and the Marik split. Einstein, as part of an agreement, agreed to give Marik any funds he could get from winning future Nobel prizes.

During his marriage to Mareek, Einstein also began an affair with a cousin, Elsa Lothenthal, some time ago. The couple married in 1919, the same year as Einstein’s divorce. She would continue to see other women during her second marriage, which ended with Loewenthal’s death in 1936.

Nobel Prize

In 1921, Einstein won the Nobel Prize for Physics for his explanation of the photoelectric effect, as his views on relativity were still considered questionable. He was not actually given the award until the following year, being a bureaucratic ruler, and during his acceptance speech, he still opted to speak about relativity.

In developing his general theory, Einstein captured the belief that the universe is a stable, constant entity, aka “cosmic constant”, although his later theories directly refuted the idea and insisted that the universe was a state. Can flow in.

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Astronomer Edwin Hubble said that we actually live in an extended universe, meeting with two scientists in 1931 at Mount Wilson Observatory near Los Angeles.

InventionAlbert Einstein Biography

As a physicist, Einstein made many discoveries, but he is probably best known for the theory of relativity and the equation E = MC2, which foreshadowed the development of atomic power and atomic bombs.

Theory of relativity

Einstein first proposed a special theory in his paper in 1905, “On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies”, to take physics in a new direction. By November 1915, Einstein completed the general theory of relativity. Einstein considered this theory to be the culmination of his life research.

He was convinced of the properties of general relativity because it allowed for more accurate prediction of the orbits of the planets around the Sun, which were reduced in Isaac Newton’s theory, and how the gravitational forces worked. In more elaborate, finely interpreted.

Einstein’s claim was confirmed through observations and measurements by British astronomers Sir Frank Dyson and Sir Arthur Eddington during the 1919 solar eclipse, and thus a global science icon was born.

Einstein’s E = MC2

A 1905 paper on Einstein’s case / energy relation proposed the equation E = MC2: The energy of a body (E) is equal to the mass (M) of the body which is equal to the speed of the light squared (C2). This equation suggested that small particles of matter could be converted into enormous amounts of energy, a discovery that heralds nuclear energy.

Renowned quantum theorist Max Planck supported Einstein’s claim, thus becoming a star of the lecture circuit and academician, holding various positions before becoming director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics (today at the Max Planck Institute for Physics Known as) from 1917 to 1933.

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