ApJ Abdul Kalam Biography
Birth: 15 October 1931, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu
Death: 27 July 20 15, Shillong, Meghalaya
Position / work: Former President of India
Dr. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam was a noted Indian scientist and the 11th President of India. He served in some of the most important organizations in the country (DRDO and ISRO). He also played a key role in the 1998 Pokhran II nuclear test. Dr. Kalam was also involved with India’s space program and missile development program. For this reason, he is also called ‘Missile Man’. In the year 2002, Kalam was elected President of India and after serving a 5-year term, he returned to teaching, writing, and public service. He was honored with several prestigious awards including Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor.
ApJ Abdul Kalam Biography early life
Avul Pakir Zainul Abidin Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu to a Muslim family. His father Zainulabidin was a sailor and his mother Ashiamma was a homemaker. His family’s financial condition was not good, so he had to work from a young age. Balam Kalam used to distribute newspaper after school to help his father financially. During his school days, Kalam was normal in studies but always ready and willing to learn something new. He had a hunger for learning and he used to pay attention to studies for hours. He did his schooling from Ramanathapuram Schwartz Matriculation School and then attended St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, from where he graduated in 1954 in physics. He then moved to Madras in the year 1955 from where he studied aerospace engineering. In the year 1960, Kalam completed his engineering studies from Madras Institute of Technology.
ApJ Abdul Kalam Biography Carrier
After completing his engineering studies from the Madras Institute of Technology, Kalam joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist. Kalam started his career by designing a small helicopter for the Indian Army. Kalam was not getting satisfaction from his work in DRDO. Kalam Pandit was also a member of the Indian National Committee for Space Research constituted by Jawaharlal Nehru. During this time he got an opportunity to work with the famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. He was transferred to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969. Here he was appointed as the director of India’s satellite launch vehicle project. As a result of the success of this project, India’s first satellite ‘Rohini’ was placed in the Earth’s orbit in the year 1980. Joining ISRO was the most important turning point of Kalam’s career and when he started work on the satellite launch vehicle project, he felt as if he was doing the same work as he thought.
During 1963–64, he also visited NASA, a US space organization. Atomic scientist Raja Ramanna, under whose supervision India conducted its first nuclear test, also called Kalam to see nuclear tests at Pokhran in 1974.
In the seventies and eighties, Dr. Kalam became very famous in India with his works and successes and he was named among the greatest scientists of the country. His fame had grown so much that the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi allowed him to work on some secret projects without the approval of his cabinet.
The Government of India started the ambitious ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program’ under the supervision of Dr. Kalam. He was the Chief Executive of this project. The project has given missiles like Agni and Prithvi to the country.
From July 1992 to December 1999, Dr. Kalam was the Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister and Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). India conducted its second nuclear test during this period. He played an important role in it. R. Dr. Kalam was the coordinator of the project along with Chidambaram. The media coverage received during this time made him the greatest nuclear scientist in the country.
In 1998, Dr. Kalam along with heart physician Soma Raju developed a low-cost ‘coronary stent’. It was named as ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’.
President of India
In view of his achievements and fame as a defense scientist, N. D. A. The coalition government made him the presidential candidate in the year 2002. He defeated his rival Lakshmi Sehgal by a huge margin and was sworn in as the 11th President of India on 25 July 2002. Dr. Kalam was the third President of the country who had been awarded the Bharat Ratna even before he became President. Earlier, Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain were awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ before becoming President.
During his tenure he was called the ‘President of the people’. At the end of his term, he also expressed his desire for a second term, but because of lack of opinion among political parties, he abandoned the idea.
At the end of the term of 12th President Pratibha Patil, his name was once again in the discussion as the next possible President but due to lack of consensus, he abandoned the idea of his candidature.
Time after retirement
After his retirement from the post of President, Dr. Kalam was engaged in work like teaching, writing, guidance and research and was associated with visiting institutions like Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, Indian Institute of Management, Indore, etc. . Apart from this he was a Fellow of the Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, Chancellor of the Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, Anna University, Chennai, Professor of Aerospace Engineering.
He also taught information technology at IIIT Hyderabad, Banaras Hindu University and Anna University.
Kalam always talked about the youth of the country and how to improve their future. In this regard, he also started the “What Can I Give” initiative for the youth of the country, which aims to eliminate corruption. Considering his popularity among the youth of the country, he received 2 times (2003 & 2004) ‘M.T.V. He was also nominated for the ‘Youth Icon of the Year Award’.
Hindi film ‘I Am Kalam’ released in 2011 is influenced by his life.
Apart from teaching, Dr. Kalam has also written several books, which are prominent in ‘India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium’, ‘Wings of Fire: An Autobiography’, ‘Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power Within India’, ‘Mission India’. , ‘Indomitable Spirit’ etc.
Awards and honors
For his work done for the country and society, Dr. Kalam was awarded with many awards. About 40 universities gave him honorary doctorate and the Government of India honored him with Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan and India’s highest civilian honor ‘Bharat Ratna’.
|The year||The honor||Organization|
|2014||Doctor of Science||University of Edinburgh, UK|
|2012||Doctor of Law (Honorary)||Simon Fraser University|
|2011||IEEE Honorary Membership||IEEE|
|2010||Doctor of Engineering||University of Waterloo|
|2009||Honorary doctorate||Auckland University|
|2009||Hoover medal||ASME Foundation, United States|
|2009||International Karman von Wings Award||California Institute of Technology, United States|
|2008||Doctor of Engineering||Nanyang University of Technology, Singapore|
|2007||Charles second medal||Royal Society, UK|
|2007||Honorary doctorate of science||Wolver Hampton University, UK|
|2000||Ramanujan Award||Alvars Research Center, Chennai|
|nineteen ninety eight||Veer Savarkar Award||Indian government|
|1997||Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration||Indian National Congress|
|1997||Bharat Ratna||Indian government|
|1994||Distinguished Fellow||Institute of Directors (India)|
|1990||Padma Vibhushan||Indian government|
|1981||Padma Bhushan||Indian government|
Death: On 27 July 2015, he suffered a heart attack while teaching at the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, after which ApJ Abdul Kalam Biography, beloved and favorite of crores of people, went to Perlok Sidhar.
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