Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was a great poet and novelist of Bengali literature as well as a renowned journalist. He not only introduced modern literature in Bengali language but also worked to take Bengali literature to a new height.
He is famous for his work “Vande Mataram”. This national anthem written by him still develops a sense of patriotism within the people. Let’s know about some special things related to Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s life-
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Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, a great litterateur who instilled a sense of patriotism in Indians – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
Biography of Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay at a glance – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Information
27 June 1838, Kanthal Pada, Pargana District, West Bengal
Yadav (Jadav) Chandra Chattopadhyay
Sanjeev Chandra Chattopadhyay
First marriage – 1849,
Second marriage – Rajalakshmi Devi
Sanjeev Chandra Chattopadhyay
Anandamath, Munalini, Kapal Kundali
8 April 1894, Calcutta, Bengal
Birth of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, family early life and education – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Biography
India’s great litterateur Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was born on 27 June 1838 in a rich and affluent family of Kanthal Pada, a small village in Pargana district, West Bengal. His father Jadav Chandra Chattopadhyay was a government official who later also served as a sub-collector of Midnapore in Bengal, while his mother Durgadevi was a domestic woman who cared deeply for her home family.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee also had two brothers, he took his early education with his brothers from a government school in Midnapore. Considered Alexander Duma of India, the famous litterateur Bankim Chandra was a promising student from the beginning, his mind was full of childhood reading and writing.
Moreover, Bankim ji surprised everyone with his amazing writing by writing a poem in his school days. He was very fond of Sanskrit language. Along with studies, he was also in the forefront of all the activities in school including sports. After receiving his early education, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay did his further studies from Hooghly Mohsin College.
After this, he completed his graduation from Arts from Presidency College at the age of 20 in the year 1858 and with this he was in the first phase of independence movement of 1857. Calcutta University He had the distinction of becoming the first Indian to have graduated from. After this he also got his law degree.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s marriage and children – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Life History
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was married in 1849 at the age of just 11, under the practice of child marriage prevalent at the time. At the same time, his wife died after nearly 11 years of his marriage. Later, in the year 1860, he married another woman named Rajalakshmi. After marriage, both of them were born three daughters.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee as Magistrate – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee As Majistret
After completing his studies, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay joined the Government service as a magistrate during the British rule. After working for 30 years under the British Government, he decided to quit the job in 1891.
At the same time, the 1857 revolution had a profound effect on Bankim ji working under the British government. He did not take part in any public movement during this period, but expressed his anger towards the functioning of the British through literature.
In the 19th century, the great Bengali poet Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, who gave a new direction to Bengali literature and uplifted Bengali literature, considered Ishvachandra Gupta as his ideal and following his ideals, Bankim started his literary career.
The first published novel written in English by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was ‘Raimohan’s Wife’. His novel was less effective because it was in the English language, because very few Indians understood English at that time. After this he not only started writing in his regional language Bengali but also played an important role in taking Bengali literature to a new level.
In the year 1865, his first novel ‘Durgeshnandini’ was published in Bengali based on a love story. After this, the Kapalakundala work written by him in the year 1866 was widely appreciated and he was known as a famous writer since his creation.
After this, in 1869, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wrote his novel ‘Mrinalini’ in historical context for the first time. After this, in 1872, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay started the publication of his monthly magazine called ‘Bangadarshan’.
Let me tell you that his literary magazine was published for about 4 years. After this, in the year 1873 he wrote Vishvriksha, ‘Chandrasekhar’ in 1877, Rajni in 1877, Raj Singh in 1881, in 1882, he wrote the novel “Anandamath”, his famous national song ‘Vande Mataram’ has been taken from his work. It was a political novel composed by him, which was about and the British nation.
In this novel, the great poet Bankim Chandra Chatterjee has described the Indian Muslims and Saints Brahmin army fighting for the salaries of the British East India Company in a very brilliant way. This novel by Ban Kim Ji also shows unity between Hindus and Muslims.
Let me tell you that in the year 1937, the song “Vande Mataram” from this novel was given the status of Rashtra Geet. At the same time, its popularity was so much that it was sung by Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore himself. Apart from this, Bankim Chandra Chatterjee also composed several other texts like Devi Chaudhurani, ‘Sitaram’, ‘Kamala Kantar Daptar’, ‘Krishna Kantar Vill’, ‘Vigyan Mystery’, ‘Lokarasya’, ‘Dharmatattva’.
Important and interesting facts related to Bankim Chandra Chatterjee – About Bankim Chandra Chatterjee
The novels composed by Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Ji, the father of nationalism in modern Bengali literature, have been translated into almost all languages.
Anandamath, written by Bankim Chandra Ji in 1882, is his most famous novel. The national song “Vande Mataram” has been taken from his novel. In the year 1896, Vande Mataram was first sung at the Calcutta session of the Congress.
Vishramabhaksha, the producer of the national anthem Bankim Chandra ji, was the first novel to be screened in Bangaradarshan.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee dies – Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Death
The great poet of Bengal, the great poet and creator of the national anthem Bankim Chandra Chatterjee breathed his last in Calcutta on 8 April 1894 at the age of 55.
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, the great personality who introduced modern literature in Bengali language, is not even among us today, but through the compositions, national anthems and poems written by him, he is still alive in the hearts of all Indians and the national anthems of the country. He will always be remembered as the creator of.
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