Work area: Famous Greek doctor, freedom fighter, politician
Hakim Ajmal Khan was an Indian physician, nationalist politician and freedom fighter. He revived Unani medicine in India by establishing Tibia College in Delhi at the beginning of twentieth century. He was a nationalist leader and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi. Ajmal Khan participated in many important movements during the freedom struggle. He participated in the first largest non-cooperation movement of the country and also led the Khilafat movement. He joined the Indian National Congress and also chaired the Congress session held in Ahmedabad in 1921. Thus he was the fifth Muslim to become the President of the Indian National Congress. Apart from the national movement, he also worked in the field of education. Hakim Ajmal Khan was one of the founders of Jamia Islamia University. He was its Chancellor from 1920 to 1927. He was the only person who became the President of the Congress as well as the Muslim League and the All India Khilafat Committee.
Biography of Hakim Ajmal Khan early life
Hakim Ajmal Khan was born on 11 February 1868 in Delhi. He was associated with a family of regents who came to India with the first Mughal Sultan Babur. His family were skilled Unani physicians and engaged in the same work after their arrival in India. At that time he was popularly known as ‘Delhi Ke Rai’. Hakim Sharif Khan, grandfather of Hakim Ajmal Khan, was a physician to Mughal Sultan Shah Alam and opened a hospital-school to teach Unani medicine.
In his childhood, Ajmal Khan had memorized the Quran and along with it acquired traditional Islamic knowledge. He also learned Arabic and Persian and then shifted his attention to learning Unani medicine under the supervision of his senior relatives. He learned Unani medicine under the supervision of Hakim Abdul Jamil of Siddiqui Dawakhana, Delhi.
After completing the education of Unani medicine in 1892, he became the chief physician of the Nabab of Rampur. Gradually he became famous and it was believed that he had some divine power which magically cured the diseases of the people. It is said that he had so much knowledge of medicine that he could tell only by the appearance of the patient that he had a disease. If someone came to Delhi for treatment, they used to treat it absolutely free, but they used to take 1000 rupees every day to go out of Delhi, which was very much according to the time. This shows their ability.
He made a lot of efforts and work for the development of Unani system of medicine. Working in this direction, he established 3 important institutions – Central College, Hindustani Dawakhana and Ayurveda and Unani Tibia College in Delhi. All these institutes not only did research in the field of this medical system but also saved the Unani system from extinction. He kept this important medical practice almost dead from his hard work even in the British era.
Hakim Ajmal Khan suggested the incorporation of some principles of Western medicine in the Unani system of medicine, but on the other hand there was another section related to this system which wanted to keep the original form of Unani system of medicine.
Ajmal Khan was one of the founders of Jamia Millia Islamia. On 22 November 1922, he was appointed Chancellor of this institution and remained in this post till his death. He did a lot of work for the progress of this institution. Under his leadership, it was shifted from Aligarh to Delhi. He collected donations from the people to get the institution out of the economic problems and also used its own funds many times to run it smoothly.
Hakim Ajmal Khan was a rich man of multifaceted talent and contributed immensely in the country’s freedom movement, national unity and communal harmony. He started writing for the Urdu weekly ‘Akmal-ul-Akhbar’ started by his family, after which he was attracted to politics from medicine. He also led a Muslim party in 1906 which met in Shimla to give memorandum to Viceroy of India. When the ‘All India Muslim League’ was established in Dhaka on 30 December 1906, he was present there. He came in contact with Gandhiji around 1919 and joined other Muslim leaders such as Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Maulana Mohammad Ali and Maulana Shaukat Ali in the Khilafat Movement. His contact with Gandhiji became increasingly close and whenever Gandhiji needed suggestions on any communal issue, he used to consult Hakim saheb.
The spirit of nationalism and patriotism in them was filled with the code. They considered the country to be higher than the religion and for the service of the country, they did not even care about the comfort, happiness and wealth.
Hakim Ajmal Khan was one of the few who devoted his entire life to philanthropy and help to others. On the 29th of December, 1927, this great man from heart disease went to the other world. Ajmal Khan worked for only 9 years in the field of politics, but with his sacrifice, patriotism and sacrifice, he got his name recorded in the golden letters in the history of Indian freedom struggle.
Time Line (Life Events)
1868: Born on 11 February in Delhi
1892: Became chief physician of Nabab of Rampur
1906: Met Viceroy of India in Shimla while leading a group of Muslims
1921: President of the Ahmedabad session of the Indian National Congress
1922: Was elected Chancellor of Jamia Millia Islamia.
1927: died on 29 December
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