History of Maharana Pratap | Maharana Pratap Real History

History of Maharana Pratap

Those who do not give up even in the most difficult situation. They also live by losing. – Maharana Pratap

Maharana Pratap was a great man of his era. Everyone respected him because of his qualities. His valor is world famous. He relinquished his throne for the freedom of his motherland and the supremacy of the Rajputs and spent his life in the jungles but did not succumb to the death of the Mughals, who are his source of inspiration. Maharana Pratap’s valor and self-respect are forever immortalized in the pages of history.

History of Maharana Pratap – Maharana Pratap History


Maharana Pratap was born on 9 May 1540 in Mewar (Rajasthan). He was the son of King Rana Udai Singh of the Mewar Shishodia dynasty. His mother’s name was Jaiwantabai, daughter of Sonagara Akhairaj of Pali. Maharana Pratap’s birth anniversary is celebrated on the Shukla Paksha Tritiya of Jyestha month every year according to the Vikram Samvat calendar. Maharana Pratap got the inspiration of good values, knowledge of weapons and defense of religion from his parents since childhood. Due to which Maharana Pratap was born courageous, brave, self-respecting and freedom-loving.

Maharana Pratap was crowned at Gogunda. Fearing Akbar, Rana Pratap’s father Uday Singh left Mewar and encamped on the Aravalli mountain and made Udaipur his new capital. However, Mewar was also under him. Maharana Udai Singh handed over the throne to his younger son at the time of his death, which was against the rules. After the death of Uday Singh, the Rajput chieftains jointly installed Maharana Pratap on the throne of Mewar on 1628 Falgun Shukla 15 i.e. on 1 March 1576.

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As soon as he ascended the throne of Mewar, he faced unprecedented concomitants, at that time half the Mewar was under the Mughals and the Mughal emperor Akbar tried to establish his suzerainty over the rest of Mewar. But with patience and courage, he faced every disaster.

The capital of his kingdom was Udaipur. The state border was Mewar. He ruled from 1576 to 1597 AD. Thinking that Yavan, Turks could easily attack Udaipur, and with the advice of the feudals, Pratap left Udaipur to make Kumbhalgarh and Gogunda hill areas his center.

Many families of Rajasthan had succumbed to Akbar’s power, but Maharana Pratap struggled to maintain his dynasty and did not surrender to Akbar. Seeing this, Akbar sent his peace envoys to Maharana Pratap a total of 4 times. But he turned it down.

Battle of Haldighati: –

The battle of Haldighati is a major link in the history of India. This war took place on June 18, 1576 for about 4 hours, in which a fierce battle took place between Mewar and the Mughals. In which Maharana Pratap’s army was led by the only Muslim Sardar Hakim Khan Suri and the Mughal army was led by Mansingh and Asaf Khan. In this war Maharana Pratap’s army had only 20,000 soldiers and Akbar’s army 85000 soldiers. The valor he showed there is unique in Indian history. He protected the dignity of his ancestors and vowed that he would not consume state happiness until he had freed his kingdom. From then on he started sleeping on land, he wandered in the weeds and loaves in the Aravalli forests, but he did not accept the subjection of the Mughal emperor. He gave his life to protect his motherland.

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In this battle, Hakim Khan Sur, loyal to Maharana and many brave companions like Bhamashah and Jhalaman were also martyred in this battle, saving Maharana’s life.

Maharana Pratap’s favorite horse ‘ChetakWas. Who supported his master till his last breath. Chetak was a very intelligent and brave horse who had saved Maharana Pratap by jumping from a 26 foot deep canopy at his own life. Whereas Mughal cavalry could not cross this drain.

Despite trying for 30 consecutive years, Akbar could not take Maharana Pratap captive. Akbar was also saddened by the death of Maharana Pratap, a hero who fought for a long time with his Akbar-like power. He knew that heroes like Maharana Pratap are impossible to find in the whole world. The ideal of valor that Maharana Pratap presented was unique. The circumstances he struggled with were really complicated, but he did not give up.

The poet of the Mughal court Abdur Rahman wrote, ‘Everything in this world is going to end. Wealth will end, but the qualities of a great man will always be alive. Pratap gave up his wealth but never bowed his head. He retained his honor alone among all the princes of Hind. And once more former US President Abraham Lincoln was visiting India, he asked his mother… what should I bring for you from India, then his mother had said that you should bring the soil of Haldighati from India which Thousands of heroes have watered with their blood.

If the Rajputs could get a respectable place in Indian history, then the credit goes mainly to Rana Pratap. He did not allow his motherland to be subdued or tarnished. The sun of the Mughal Empire sank, but the glory of Rana Pratap is still bright. Even today, the name of Maharana Pratap is a source of inspiration for innumerable Indians. Rana Pratap’s self-respect is the capital of Bharat Mata.

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Death Finally, due to injuries suffered during hunting, Maharana Pratap went to heaven on 19 January 1597 in Chawand.

Maharana Pratap had a total of 11 ranias. The names are as follows – Maharana Pratap Wives Name

Maharani Azbade Punwar, Amarbai Rathore, Ratnawatibai Parmar, Jasobai Chauhan, Phool Bai Rathore, Shahmatibai Hada, Champabai Jhati, Khichar Asha Bai, Alamdebai Chauhan, Lakhabai, Solankhinipur Bai.

Names of all 17 sons of Maharana Pratap: –

Amar Singh, Bhagwan Das, Sheikh Singh, Kunwar Durjan Singh, Kunwar Ram Singh, Kunwar Raibhana Singh, Chanda Singh, Kunwar Hathi Singh, Kunwar Natha Singh, Kunwar Garbage Singh, Kunwar Kalyan Das, Sahas Mall, Kunwar Jaswant Singh, Kunwar Puran Mall , Kunwar Gopal, Kunwar Sanwal Das Singh, Kunwar Mal Singh.

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