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Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography, Family, Award, Life, Birth

Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography

Birth : 3 April 1903 (Mangalore, Karnataka)

The death : October 29, 1988

Scope of work: Freedom fighter fighter And social reformer

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a social reformer, freedom fighter fighter, pioneer of the women’s movement and a Gandhian woman who brought a new awakening in the field of Indian handicraft. She was also a social worker, a supporter of art and literature. She had joined the national service due to the loneliness of life and the call of Mahatma Gandhi.

Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay, who integrated the country’s handicrafts and handloom sector and gave it a new identity at the national level, was considered by Mahatma Gandhi very much and this fearless freedom fighter was given the title of ‘Supreme Romantic Heroine’ by Gandhi ji those days.

Kamaladevi was a socialist despite being a Brahmin, the girl was a rightist woman despite being a bride and groom. She was a politician who did not need a chair. The spirit of patriotism was such that after independence, he refused to accept the honor conferred by the government. After the partition of the country, he devoted himself to the rehabilitation of the refugees. She was very impressed with Gandhiji, Jawaharlal Nehru, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu and Kasturba Gandhi.

When she was in London, she joined the Non-Cooperation Movement of Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1923 and returned to India. She came here and started contributing to Sevadal and Gandhian organizations.

Early And family life | Kamladevi Chattopadhyay Biography

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was born on 3 April 1903 in a prosperous Brahmin family in Mangalore (Karnataka). She was the fourth and youngest daughter of her parents. His father Ananthaya Dhareshwar was the District Collector of Mangalore. His mother Girijabai was a well-educated, cultured and bold woman who belonged to a well-to-do family in Karnataka. His grandmother was very well versed in ancient Indian philosophy. As a result of being brought up in this type of environment, she herself was rational and self-reliant, which came to work later in her life. He obtained a diploma in Sociology from Bedford College, University of London, after Mangalore and later in his second marriage. He also did a deep study of the ancient Indian traditional Sanskrit drama Kutiyattam (Kerala).

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When his age was 7 years old, his father died. She was a victim of child marriage and her first marriage took place at a very young age i.e. 12 years of age with Krishna Rao in the year 1917. But unfortunately within two years Krishna Rao died in the year 1919 and during his schooling, he became a widow.

Later, in the year 1919 itself, Sarojini got married to Naidu’s younger brother Harendranath Chattopadhyay. However, his relatives, who believe in caste, strongly opposed it.

After a few days of marriage, Kamaladevi moved to London with Herndranath. Harendranath was also a person interested in art, music, poetry and literature. But due to lack of reconciliation between the two ideologies, this relationship did not last long and it resulted in divorce. They gave birth to a son named Ramakrishna Chattopadhyay.

Contribution to Women’s Movement

Kamla Devi, the addict of nature, founded the ‘All India Women’s Conference’. She was very bold and was the first Indian woman who had the courage to stand in the open political elections in the 1920s, at a time when majority Indian women did not even know the meaning of the word independence. She was one of the women who participated in Gandhi’s ‘Salt Movement’ (year 1930) and ‘Non-Cooperation Movement’.

She was the first woman to be arrested in the Bombay Presidency for breaking the salt law. She went to jail four times during the independence movement and remained behind bars for five years.

Contribute to the development of handicrafts and handloom art

He did amazing and commendable work in the search of rich handicrafts and handloom arts scattered in different parts of the country. Kamala Chattopadhyay was the first Indian woman to recognize handloom and handicrafts not only at national but international level.

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After independence, he was appointed the head of ‘All India Handicraft’ in the year 1952. In the rural areas, he wandered and collected handicrafts and handloom arts like a connoisseur. The effect with which they worked for the weavers of the country was that when they went to the villages, the handicraftsmen, weavers, weavers, goldsmiths removed the turban from their heads and kept it in their footsteps. The same community, inspired by their tireless and selfless mother’s spirit of service, named them ‘Handloom Mother’.

Contribute to the establishment of major cultural and economic institutions of the country

Many major cultural institutions in India today are the result of his vision and firm intentions. Prominent among them are National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Academy, Central Cottage Industries Emporium and Craft Council of India. He contributed to develop the Indian public socially and economically by promoting handicrafts and co-operative movements. While doing these tasks, he had to struggle with the government before and after independence.

Books written by

He also wrote books such as ‘The Awakening of Indian Women’ in the year 1939, ‘Japan is Wickedness and Strength’ in the year 1943, ‘Uncle Sam’s Empire’ in the year 1944, ‘In War-torn China’ in the year 1944 and ‘Towards a National Theater’. Which was very popular.

Award And The honor

For social service, Bharat Sircar honored him with the civilian honor ‘Padma Bhushan’ in the year 1955.

In the year 1987, Bharat Sircar honored him with his second highest civilian honor, the Padma Vibhushan.

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He was awarded the ‘Ramon Magsaysay’ award in the year 1966 for community leadership.

He was awarded ‘Fellowship and Ratna Member’ by Sangeet Natak Academy.

He was also awarded the ‘Lifetime Achievement’ award in the year 1974 by the Sangeet Natak Academy.

In 1977, he was awarded by UNESCO for promoting Handicraft.

Shanti Niketan honored his highest honor ‘Desikottam’.


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