Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography, Wife, Awards, Death
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography, Wife, Awards, Death
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the first education minister of the country as well as a great freedom fighter, writer, educationist and scientist, who was greatly influenced by Gandhiji’s ideas. He not only played an important role in the freedom struggle and participated in all the movements launched by Gandhiji, but also improved the education system of the country.
He laid the foundation of important institutions like UGC, IIT, IIM and opposed the formation of Pakistan on the basis of religion. He was also called the architect of Hindu-Muslim unity. So let’s know about some important things related to the life of this great personality of the country, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad-
Table of Contents
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Azad India’s first education minister and great freedom fighter – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad at a glance – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Information
Abul kalam gulam muhiuddin
November 11, 1888, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
Maulana Khairuddin and Aaliyah
On 22 February 1958, New Delhi
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s Birth, Family and Early Life – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad History
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on 11 November 1888 in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, to a Bengali Maulana family. His real name was Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiuddin, which he later changed to Maulana Azad. His father Maulana Mohammad Khairuddin was a scholarly writer, while his mother was of Arab.
Initially, Maulana Azad’s family lived in Bengal, but later his family had to leave India and go to Arabia after the insurrection in 1857, and Maulana was born there, though when Maulana was 2 years old, his family again India returned and resided in Calcutta.
Maulana Azad’s Elementary Education – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Educational Qualification
Maulana Azad was initially given traditional Islamic education at home. First his father taught and then later appointed teachers for him. Azad was a very talented child from the beginning, so he had learned many languages including Urdu, Arabic, Bengali, Hindi, English, Persian at an early age.
Along with this, he had gained a very good knowledge of algebra, philosophy, geometry and mathematics. Due to his hobby of studies from the beginning, many books were kept in his house, which by reading he had also gained a good knowledge about history, world and politics.
When Maulana Azad was only 12 years old, he started writing books. Also, from a young age, he started working as a journalist. He worked in several newspapers. During this time, he also published several articles related to politics.
Maulana Azad also served as the editor of “Al-Miswah”. Apart from this, Maulana Azad had published many articles against the British Raj. Maulana Azad started running his own library in student life, as well as the launching society. During that time, he used to teach his double age students, in fact he had knowledge of almost all the traditional subjects.
So Maulana was inspired to become a nationalist revolutionary:
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, a great freedom fighter who lived his life with simplicity and sincerity, while visiting Afghanistan, Egypt, Turkey, Syria, Iraq, he met such great revolutionaries of the country who during his time in the country Struggling for independence and striving for constitutional government and the revolutionaries were driven out of their country by the British, after which the spirit of becoming a nationalist revolutionary developed inside Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
After this he returned to India and came in contact with revolutionaries like Shyam Sundar, Aurobindo, Chakravarti and then he completely dedicated himself to the freedom struggle of the country.
Maulana Azad’s role in the freedom struggle – Maulana Abul Kalam Azad as a Freedom Fighter
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad played an important role against the British Government in the country’s freedom struggle. During this time, he published Al-Hilal magazine in the year 1912 against the British rule, through which he promoted communal harmony and Hindu-Muslim unity and strongly criticized the English government and also stressed Hindu Muslim unity. However, a few days later, the British banned his weekly magazine as a threat to the British government.
After which, in Maulana Kalam, he started another magazine Al-Balagh against the British and promoted Indian nationalism, but later the issue of nationalism caused anger in the country, for which the British also banned his magazine. .
And then after that Maulana Azad was arrested. After this, when Maulana Kalam Azad was released from jail in the year 1920, the fire of freedom in the country was raging among the youth and there was a sense of outrage, after which Maulana Azad started the Khilafat movement and awakening the Muslim community Tried.
After this, Maulana Maulana Azad participated in the non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi, and boycotted foreign goods fiercely. During this time he was arrested by the British for making a speech against the British government.
After his release from jail, Maulana Azad was made the chairman of the Khilafat Committee, together with the Khilafat Leaders, he established the “Jamia Milia Islamia Sanstha” in Delhi. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who followed in the footsteps of Gandhiji, was made the President of the Congress in the year 1923. During this time, he went to different places and instilled freedom among the people.
In 1929, Maulana Azad founded the ‘National Muslim Party’ and worked as its president. His party opposed ethnic groups such as the Muslim League. In 1930, he joined Gandhiji’s Salt Break Movement and during this time he encouraged many Muslims to join this movement. However, during this time the British arrested him. After about 4 years, he was released from prison.
In the year 1940, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was again made the President of the Congress, he held this position till about 6 and during this time he raised the issue of protecting the unity of India and strongly condemned religious separatism.
After all the struggles and sacrifices of the great freedom fighters of India, when the country became independent on 15 August 1947, Maulana Abul Kalam contested for the new constitution of the country on behalf of the Congress. And he had the distinction of becoming the first Education Minister of the country.
Azad as India’s first Education Minister – The First Education Minister of Independent India
After the independence of the country, when the Prime Minister of the country, Jawaharlal Nehru, was representing the country as Prime Minister, he served as the first Education Minister of the country for about 11 years in his cabinet from 1947 to 1958 and During this, he made efforts to improve the education system of the country and publicized education vigorously.
Along with this, as education minister, he worked a lot in setting up free education and higher education institutions. Not only this, due to the untiring efforts of Maulan Abul Kalam Azad, higher educational institutions like IIM, IIT (Indian Institute of Technology), UGC (University Grants Commission) could be established in our country today.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad laid the foundation of these educational institutions. Apart from this, he also founded Lalit Lal Academy, Sahitya Akademi, and Sangeet Natak Akademi. In Maulana Abul Kalam, there was a lot of emphasis on the education of women in the country.
Due to the remarkable changes in the field of education in India, he is also called the founder of education in the country. He believed that social, and economic changes in the country can be brought only through education.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was against the formation of Pakistan:
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad of Gandhian ideology did a lot of work for Hindu Muslim unity. They were very much opposed to the formation of a new country Pakistan on the basis of religion and they did not want Pakistan to be formed, so they also opposed it at the time of Indo-Pak partition.
At the same time, during the partition of India-Pakistan, he took the responsibility of protecting the Muslim community in India. Along with this, he went to many places including Punjab, Assam, Bihar, and Bengal during this time and organized refugia camps for the people and also made proper arrangements for food and took full care of their safety.
Major books written by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
India Vince Freedom
For the sake of balloon
Achievements and Awards of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Maulana Azad ji was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna of the country’s highest honor in the year 1992. “National Education Day” is celebrated on 11 November every year on the birthday of Maulana Azadji, the great revolutionary who improved education system in the country. In honor of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, many educational institutions, schools and colleges in the country have been named after him.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Death
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the great nationalist leader of the country who had been forging Hindu-Muslim unity, breathed his last in Delhi on 22 February 1958 due to stroke.
Today, even though they are not among us, they will always be remembered for their unprecedented contribution in the field of education and work done for Hindu-Muslim unity. His life is inspiring for every countryman and he was a unique example of patriotism, service and dedication from which everyone needs to learn.
On November 11, his birthday has also been declared as “National Education Day” in honor of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the great revolutionary and the country’s first Education Minister, who made his significant contribution in the field of education in India.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s life work at a glance – Abul Kalam Azad Information
In 1906, the Mullah-Maulvi of Mecca honored him and restored him the title ‘Abul Kalam’. ‘Azad’ was his nickname.
Used to write this name. He used to write ‘Azad’ at the end of Urdu poetry. And because of this people started to know him by the name Azad and his right name was left behind. His motive behind writing the name ‘Azad’ was the inspiration to be ‘Azad’ from the old bonds.
1905 Azadji’s father sent him to Asia. Maulana Azadji went to Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Turkesthan etc. And ‘Kairo’ countries also went there and went to ‘Al-Azhar’ school. Yogi met Arvindji and joined a revolutionary group and later formed this group. Azadji began to feel that the revolutionary group was active against the Muslims.
In 1912, Maulana Azad ji started this Urdu Akbar in Calcutta, ‘Al-Hilal’. And waged his war against the British. Commented on the British faith of Indian Muslims.
For this reason, the government In 1914, he banned ‘Al-Hilal’. In 1915 started the Akbar called ‘Al-Balag’.
On coming to Delhi in 1920, Mahatma met Gandhiji and became a member of Congress.
Maulana Azadji was arrested on 10 December 1921 for his involvement in the Non-Cooperation Movement with Mahatma Gandhi and for speeches against the British Government and had to undergo a two-year sentence.
Impressed by Maulana Azadji’s work of Hindu-Muslim unity, in 1923, he was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress. In order to create a national sentiment among Indian Muslims, he established the ‘National Muslim Paksha’ in 1929 while staying in the National Congress and its President was also handed over to Maulana Azadji. This party opposed ethnic organizations such as the Muslim League.
Maulana Azadji’s leadership and dominance of this movement encouraged the British Muslims to join the civil disobedience movement of 1930 itself and joined them in many provinces. In 1940, Azad became the President of the National Congress for the second time. Holded this position till 1946.
Maulana Azad was the president of the historic session of the Indian National Congress in 1942 in Mumbai. Under his chairmanship, he passed the resolution of ‘Leave India’.
In 1947, Pt. Nehru appointed the Interim Government. His education minister was included in it as free. He was at this place till his death. Maulana Azad was a thoroughly nationalist Indian, and the country still remembers him with pride.
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