Biography of India’s greatest musician Tansen Information Born in Gwalior, Tansen was one of India’s most famous and greatest composers, who contributed significantly to the development of classical music. Mughal emperor Akbar was also so impressed with his singing that he included Tansen among the nine gems of his court.
Sangeet Samrat Tansen was a musician who had singing as well as playing skills, he also composed many ragas due to his musical understanding. Apart from this, Tansen also did many compositions. He is also known as Sangeet Samrat and Miyantansen, so let’s know, some important things related to the life of the great musician Tansen-
About Tansen’s life – Tansen Information
||Ramtanu Pandeji (Tansen)
||26 April 1586, Delhi
History of Tansen’s life – History of Tansen
Tansen’s father Mukund Mishra was a rich poet and popular musician, who lived for some time in the religious temple of Varanasi. Tansen’s name at birth was Ramatanu. Tansen was born at a time when many Persian and Central Asian adapters were mixing Indian classical music.
It was only from his works and his writings that modern poets were inspired to create Indian classical ethos. His tradition was enriched by many descendants and followers. Rather, today we definitely see the connection of Tansen in classical music in every Indian home. According to scholars, he was also famous in history for copying the sounds of animals and birds.
Introduction to Tansen life – Tansen Story
Only at the tender age of 6, Tansen demonstrated the art of hidden music within himself. Thereafter he remained a follower of Swami Haridas, a scholarly composer from Vrindavan as well as Raja Man Singh Tomar of Gwalior (1486–1516 AD), who was adept at the Dhrupada type of music.
Tansen’s knowledge of music was soon recognized. At that time Haridas was considered to be the most intelligent and successful teacher. Scholars believe that once Haridas was passing through the forest and then he saw Ramatanu (Tansen) singing, and Haridas was enchanted upon seeing him. Rather, according to other sources, Tansen’s father sent Tansen to Haridas to practice music.
From Haridas, Tansen not only learned his Dhrupad art but also composed his music in the local language. This was a time when the Bhakti era was gradually changing from Sanskrit to the vernacular (Brajbhasha and Hindi). And at this time Tansen’s creations greatly influenced the people.
Meanwhile, after some time Tansen’s father also died and due to this, Tansen had to return home and is said to have sung a devotional song in the local language in the Shiva temple after returning home. With this, Tansen used to go to the court of Muhammad Ghuda and display his art in any festival. When Tansen was associated with the Ghuda tradition, before that he had trained with devotional songs from Swami Haridas. And Tansen’s work gained much popularity during his time.
In the music composed by Tansen, we see a mixture of Braj and Hindi language. Tansen composed most of the devotional songs in devotion to Krishna and Shiva. Tansen was greatly influenced by other singers in the court of Gwalior and he also taught a lot from them. Other musicians in Gwalior include Baiju Bawra. As a result, Tansen joined the court of King Ramachandra Baghela of Reva.
Where he lived from 1555 to 1562. It is said that during this time, the Mughal emperor Akbar heard about the art and talent of Tansen and he also sent Jalaluddin Kurechi to bring Tansen to the court of Ramachandra. And after that Tansen went to Akbar’s court. At the age of 57, Tansen visited Akbar’s court in 1562. Tansen suddenly joined Akbar’s court.
The Mughal ruler Akbar gave Tansen the title of “Mia” and even today we know Tansen as “Mia Tansen”. According to historical experts, Akbar gave 100,000 gold coins in reward at Tansen’s first art performance. The presence of musician Tansen in Akbar’s court has been a matter of discussion for centuries.
But according to historical experts, Akbar was greatly influenced by the musical art of Tansen and that is why he included Tansen in his nine jewels.
The historical fort Fatehpur Sikri is largely associated with Tansen’s tenure. A pond was built near the ruler’s room, in the middle of which was a small island, where Tansen exhibited his art. Today this small pond is called Anoop Talav, which we can see near Diwan-i-Aam. It is said that Tansen used to sing different ragas at different times at different times of the day. People who were happy with his performance also gave him gifts as coins.
Tansen Death – Tansen Death
According to some historical sources, Tansen died in Delhi on 26 April 1586 and Akbar and all his courtiers were present on his last visit. However, according to other sources, he died on 6 May 1589. He was buried at the birthplace Behat (near Gwalior).
Mia Tansen is one of Akbar’s popular Navratnas – Akbar ke Navratna
Akbar was very fond of music and about Tansen, Akbar had heard the praise of his voice and music from many people, that is why Akbar wanted to bring Tansen to his court under any circumstances, but rather for that he would fight Was also ready to do it. That is why when Tansen joined Akbar’s court, Akbar included him in his Navratnas.
Tansen Award – Tansen Awards
Every year in December, the national music festival ‘Tansen Samaroh’ is held near Tansen’s tomb. The “Tansen Award” is given in honor of the great musician Tansen for his great contributions in the field of music.
The award is given by the Government of India by musicians who have excelled in the field of music. The ragas produced by him will always remind him of the glorious history of his versatility. Music Emperor Tansen’s name will always remain immortal in the category of All India Singers of Indian Music.
Contributions to the compositions and music of the great composer Tansen – Tansen Poem
The great musician Tansen was not only a great singer and instrumentalist, but also a great poet, he composed many Hindu mythological stories, he described the glory and praise of Lord Ganesha, Shankar and Vishnu in his works. Wrote his compositions in Dhrupad style. These three compositions are mainly mentioned in the works by Tansen. Those whose names are as follows-
- “Shriganesh Stotra”
Apart from this, many of the tharaspads of Tansen were also composed. Along with this, Tansen composed many ragas like Bhairav, Malhar, Rageshwari, Darbarirodi, Darbari Kanada, Sarang. He has contributed immensely to the development of classical music in India. Hence, he is also considered the father of Indian classical music.
Along with this, the Dhrupad style of music is also due to Tansen. Many ragas produced by Tansen have been classified into several parts for simplicity and easy to explain. His contribution in the field of music is invaluable, Tansen is counted among the all-India singers. At the same time, he is also known as Sangeet Samrat because of his amazing musical skills.
Tansen made movies – Tansen Movie
Many films have been made to introduce the great music talent of music composer Tansen to the world, which depicts the great life of Tansen. On the life of Sangeet Emperor Tansen, in 1943 Tansen, in the year 1952 Baiju Bawra, in 1962 Sangeet Emperor Tansen films were made.
Tansen, the father of classical music, made his significant contribution in the field of music with his amazing talent. He was also famous for his compositions of instrumental music. The ragas created by him will be remembered for ages. It is proud to have a great musician like Tansen born in India.
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