( Nikola Tesla Biography ) Nikola Tesla was a scientist whose inventions include the discovery of the Tesla coil, alternating-current (AC) electricity, and rotating magnetic fields.
Nikola Tesla was an engineer and scientist known for designing the alternating-current (AC) power system, which is the major electrical system used worldwide today. He also created the “Tesla coil“, which is still used in radio technology.
Born in modern-day Croatia, Tesla immigrated to the United States in 1884 and briefly worked with Thomas Edison in two different ways. He sold several rights to his waste machinery, including George Westinghouse.
early life | Nikola Tesla Biography
Tesla was born on July 10, 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia. Tesla was one of five children, including siblings Dane, Angelina, Milka and Marika. Tesla’s interest in the invention of electricity was inspired by his mother, Zuca Mandic, who invented small household appliances in his spare time while his son was growing up.
Tesla’s father, Milutin Tesla, was a Serbian Orthodox priest and a writer, and inspired his son to join the priesthood. But Nicola has very little interest in science.
Education | Nikola Tesla Biography
After studying at the Realschule, the Polytechnic Institute in Graz, Austria in Germany; And moved to Prague University, Tesla Budapest, during the 1870s, where he worked for some time at the Central Telephone Exchange.
It was in Budapest, but the idea for an induction motor first came to Tesla, but after many years of trying to gain interest in its invention, at the age of 28, Tesla decided to leave Europe for America. did.
Nikola Tesla vs Thomas Edison
Tesla arrived in the United States in 1884 with little more than fabric on his back and a letter of introduction to renowned inventor and business mogul Thomas Edison, whose DC-based electrical work was fast becoming the norm in the country.
Edison hired Tesla, and the two soon worked tirelessly with each other, improving Edison’s inventions.
Several months later, the two split due to conflicting business-scientific relationships, attributed by historians to their differing personalities: while Edison was a power figure who focused on marketing and financial success, Tesla was commercially Were out-of-touch and somewhat flattened.
First solo venture
In 1885, Tesla received funding for the Tesla Electric Light Company and was tasked by their investors to develop better arc lighting.
After successfully doing so, however, Tesla was forced out of the enterprise and had to work as a manual laborer to survive for a time. His fortunes would change after two years when he received funding for his new Tesla Electric Company.
Throughout his career, Tesla researched, designed and developed ideas for several important inventions – most of which were officially patented by other inventors – including dynamo (an electric generator similar to a battery) and induction motor. Huh.
He was a pioneer in radar technology, X-ray technology, remote control and rotating magnetic field exploration – the basis of most AC machinery. Tesla is best known for its contribution to AC power and the Tesla coil.
AC Electrical System
Tesla designed the alternating-current (AC) power system, which would become a 20th-century accelerated power system and has remained the standard worldwide since. In 1887, Tesla received funding for its new Tesla Electric Company, and by the end of the year, they had successfully filed several patents for AC-based inventions.
Tesla’s AC system soon attracted the attention of American engineer and businessman George Westinghouse, who was searching for a solution to supply the nation with long-range power. Seeing that Tesla’s inventions would help him achieve it, in 1888 he bought his patent at Westinghouse Corporation for $ 60,000.
As interest in an AC system grew, Tesla and Westinghouse were placed in direct competition with Thomas Edison, who was intent on selling his direct-current (DC) system to the nation. In an attempt to curtail interest in AC Power, a negative press campaign was soon waged by Edison.
Unfortunately for Edison, Westinghouse Corporation was selected to supply lighting at the 1893 World’s Colombian Exposition in Chicago, and Tesla operated its AC system displays.
hydroelectric power plant
In 1895, Tesla designed, which was among the first AC hydroelectric plants in Niagara Falls in the United States.
The following year, it was used to power Buffalo, New York City – a feat that was highly publicized around the world and helped to pave the way for AC electricity to become the world’s electricity system.
At the end of the 19th century, Tesla patented the Tesla coil, which laid the foundation for wireless technologies and is still used in radio technology today. The heart of an electrical circuit, the Tesla coil is an inductor that is used in many early radio broadcast antennas.
The coil works with a capacitor to resonate the current and voltage from a power source in the circuit. Tesla himself used his coil to study fluorescence, X-rays, radio, wireless power, and electromagnetism in the Earth and its atmosphere.
After obsessing over the wireless transmission of energy, 1900 Tesla has yet to set to work on its BOLDEST project: to be transmitted through a large electrical tower – to create a global, wireless communications system – information To share and provide free energy around the world. .
In 1901, with funding from a group of investors that included financial giant JP Morgan, Tesla began work on the free energy project in earnest, designing and building a lab with a power plant and a site in Long Island, New York Built a huge transmission tower. , Known as Wardencliffe.
However, doubts arose among his investors about the plight of Tesla’s system. As his rival, Guglielmo Marconi – with the financial support of Andrew Carnegie and Thomas Edison – continued to make spectacular progress with their own radio technologies, Tesla had no choice but to abandon the project.
In 1906 the Wardencliffe employees were laid off, and by 1915 the site fell into foreclosure. Two years later Tesla declared bankruptcy and the tower was demolished and sold for scrap to help pay off the debt he had taken.
After suffering a nervous breakdown following the shutdown of his free energy project, Tesla eventually returned to work as chief advisor.
But as time went by, his ideas became progressively more clear and impractical. He grew eccentric, dedicating more of his time to caring for wild pigeons in New York City parks.
Tesla also attracted the attention of the FBI with its talk of creating a powerful “death ray” that garnered some interest from the Soviet Union during World War II.
How did Nikola Tesla die?
Poor and repeater, Tesla died of coronary thrombosis at the age of 86 in New York City on January 7, 1943, where he had lived for nearly 60 years.
However, the legacy of the work that Tesla left behind remains to this day. In 1994, a street sign identifying the “Nikola Tesla Corner” at the intersection of 40th Street and 6th Avenue was installed near the site of his former New York City laboratory.
Movies on tesla
Several films have highlighted Tesla’s life and famous works, in particular:
- The Secret of Nicola Tesla is a 1980 biographical film, featuring J. P. Orson Welles had the role as Morgan.
- Nikola Tesla, The Genius Who Lit the World, is a documentary produced by the 1994 Tesla Memorial Society and the Nikola Tesla Museum in Belgrade, Serbia.
- The Prestige is a 2006 fictional film of two wizards directed by Christopher Nolan, in which rock star David Bowie plays Tesla.
Tesla Motors and Electric Cars
In 2003, a group of engineers founded Tesla Motors, a car company named after Tesla, which dedicated to building the first fully electric car. Entrepreneur and engineer Elon Musk contributed more than $ 30 million to Tesla in 2004 and served as the company’s co-founding CEO.
In 2008, Tesla unveiled its first electric car, the Roadster. A high-performance sports vehicle, the Roadster helped change the perception of what electric cars can be. In 2014, Tesla launched the low-priced Model S, which in 2017, set a motor trend world record for accelerations from 0 to 60 mph in 2.28 seconds.
Tesla’s designs have shown that an electric car can have similar performance to petrol-powered sports car brands such as Porsche and Lamborghini.