Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography, Husband, Children, Daughter, Birth, Death

Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography

Birth: 19 November 1828, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

The death: 18 June 1858, Kota’s inn, Gwalior

Scope of work: Queen of Jhansi, the heroine of the first Indian freedom struggle of 1857

Rani Lakshmibai was the queen of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi kingdom and was one of the heroes playing the bugle against the British rule in the first Indian independence struggle of 1857. She was such a heroine who took the army from the British Empire only at the age of 23 and got Veergati in the battlefield, but won the British did not allow her to occupy Jhansi.

Rani Lakshmi Bai Biography

early life

Lakshmibai was born on 19 November 1828 in Varanasi district into a Marathi Brahmin family. Her childhood name was Manikarnika, but family members used to call her Manu with affection. His father’s name was Moropant Tambe and mother’s name was Bhagirathi Sapre. His parents were from Maharashtra. When Laxmibai was only four years old, her mother died. His father was in the service of Maratha Bajirao. After the demise of the mother, there was no one to take care of Manu in the house, so the father took Manu with him to Bajirao’s court. There Manu’s nature fascinated everyone and people started lovingly calling him “Chhabili”. Along with the teaching of the scriptures, Manu was also taught weapons. In 1842, Manu was married to Gangadhar Rao Nimbalkar, the king of Jhansi and thus she became the queen of Jhansi and was renamed as Laxmibai. In 1851, Rani Lakshmibai and Gangadhar Rao were blessed with a son Ratna, but she died at the age of four months. On the other hand, Gangadhar Rao’s health was deteriorating. He was advised to have an adopted son if his health deteriorated drastically. He did the same and after adopting the son, Gangadhar Rao went to Parlok Sidhar on 21 November 1853. His adopted son was named Damodar Rao.

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Doctrine of Lapse and Jhansi of the British

Under the state grab policy of Governor General Dalhousie of British India, the British refused to consider the child Damodar Rao as the heir to the Jhansi kingdom and decided to merge the Jhansi kingdom into the British Empire under the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ policy. However, Rani Laxmibai took the advice of the English lawyer John Lang and filed a suit in a London court but no decision could be taken against the British Empire, so it was rejected after much debate. The British seized the treasury of the Jhansi kingdom and ordered the debt of Gangahar Rao, husband of Rani Laxmibai, to be deducted from the annual expenditure of the queen. The British asked Lakshmibai to leave the fort of Jhansi after which she had to go to Ranimahal. On 7 March 1854, Jhansi was captured by the British. Rani Laxmibai did not lose courage and decided to protect Jhansi.

Struggle with english rules

Rani Lakshmibai started to form a volunteer army to fight against the British rule. Women were also recruited in this army and trained in war. The general public of Jhansi also supported the queen in this struggle. Jhalkari Bai, a lookalike of Lakshmibai, was given a prominent position in the army.

Queen Lakshmibai’s war against the British and many more deposed and English kings of prey policy like Begum Hazrat Mahal, Begum Zeenat Mahal of last Mughal Emperor, Own Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah, Nana Sahab’s Advocate Azimullah, King of Shahgarh, Vanpur’s King Mardan Singh And Tatya Tope, etc. all started trying to cooperate in this work of the Queen.

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In January 1858, the English army started marching towards Jhansi and in March surrounded the city. After nearly two weeks of struggle, the British captured the city, but Rani Laxmibai escaped from the British army with her son Damodar Rao. Rani Laxmibai reached Kalpi after escaping from Jhansi and met Tatya Tope.

The combined forces of Tatya Tope and Lakshmibai captured a fort in Gwalior with the help of rebel soldiers from Gwalior. Rani Lakshmibai fought the English Army with a lot of heart, but on 17 June 1858, Veeragati was received while fighting with the British army at the inn of Kota near Gwalior.

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