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Sonia Gandhi Biography, wiki, Birthday, Birthplace, political career

Sonia Gandhi Biography

Sonia Gandhi, of foreign origin, is a well-known face of Indian politics, who, despite her unwillingness, stepped into Indian politics and achieved success.

After the assassination of her husband and former Prime Minister of the country, Rajiv Gandhi, when the Congress party split into two factions in 1997-1998, she joined the Congress Party as a primary member and was then elected President of the Congress Party.

Along with this, there is a record of his name serving as the President of Congress for a long time. Although he has faced many controversies in his political career so far, let us know about Sonia Gandhi and some important things related to her life.

Sonia Gandhi Biography

Sonia Gandhi Biography

 

 

Sonia Gandhi biography at a glance – Sonia Gandhi Information

Full Name Sonia Rajiv Gandhi (Antonia Advise Albina Mano)
Birthday 9 December 1946
Birthplace Louisiana, Italy
Mother Name Paolo ways
Father Name Stefino Mayno
Marriage With Rajiv Gandhi

Sonia Gandhi’s birth, family and early life – Sonia Gandhi Hstory

Sonia Gandhi, who had made a distinct identity in Indian politics, was born on 9 December 1946 in a Mano family in Veneto, Cotrada Mani, in the city of Louisiana, Italy, as Antonia Edwisch Albina Mano, a Roman Catholic family. His father was a small construction businessman of Stefino Maeno.

Sonia Gandhi’s education – Sonia Gandhi Education

Sonia Gandhi studied at a Catholic school in the city of Orbassano, Italy, and then moved to Cambridge City in 1964 to study English at a school “under the Bell Education Education Trust”. At the same time, in the year 1965, when Sonia Gandhi was a student of a “small language college” in Cambridge, during that time she also used to work in the canteen of that college.

At the same canteen, he met the former Prime Minister of the country, Rajiv Gandhi. During that time Rajiv Gandhi was studying at Trinity College, Cambridge University.

Sonia Gandhi Marriage – Sonia Gandhi Marriage

After meeting Rajiv Gandhi at a restaurant in Cambridge, the two became friends and then about 3 years later, in 1968, Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi married Indian customs and they came to India with their mother-in-law and India’s first woman The Prime Minister started living with Indira Gandhi. After marriage, she was named “Sonia Gandhi”.

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She gave birth to Rahul Gandhi in 1970 and Priyanka Gandhi in 1972. At the same time, both Rajiv Gandhi and Sonia Gandhi used to stay away from politics even after dealing with political family.

Rajiv Gandhi worked as a professional pilot, while Sonia Gandhi took care of her home and family. After the death of Sonia Gandhi’s brother-in-law Sanjay Gandhi in a plane crash in 1980, Rajiv Gandhi was forced to enter politics and after the death of his mother-in-law Indira Gandhi in 1984, Rajiv Gandhi decided to enter politics.

However, Sonia Gandhi still remained in the care of her family and kept away from politics until she was stressed to join Indian politics.

Sonia Gandhi’s political career

  • Sonia Gandhi’s Indian public life began during the election of her husband Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister. After the death of former Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi in the year 1984, Sonia Gandhi worked as an official hostess as the wife of the Prime Minister and for the first time, her Deorani Maneka Gandhi (wife of Sanjay Gandhi), who was elected in Amethi against Rajiv Gandhi Was fighting, actively campaigned against them. During this time he also took active part in many state visits.
  • After the assassination of her husband Rajiv Gandhi in 1991, Sonia Gandhi was invited to join the party as heir to the Nehru-Gandhi dynasty and become Prime Minister, after which Sonia Gandhi refused to become PM and then The party people took P.V. Elected Narasimha Rao as Prime Minister.
  • In the general elections held in 1996, the Congress party lost and due to differences between some big leaders, the Congress split into two factions. After which Sonia Gandhi decided to enter politics in the year 1997 and she joined the Congress Party as a primary member in the plenary session of Calcutta.
  • She became the leader of the party in the year 1998 and during the tenure of the BJP-NDA government led by Atal Bihari Vajpayee in 1999, she was elected as the Leader of the Opposition.
  • In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress formed a government with an alliance. At the same time, Sonia Gandhi was again elected to lead the country as PM, although during this time she also faced a lot of opposition due to being of foreign origin, due to which she decided not to become PM herself and On this important post, the great economist Manmohan Singh was chosen as the Prime Minister for the leadership of the country. In the same year Soniaji was also made the chairman of the National Advisory Council and during this time she played her important role by implementing the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme.
  • In 2009, the Congress Party came to power again and this time also Manmohan Singh was appointed as Prime Minister.
  • In the year 2010, Sonia Gandhi was again appointed as the Chairperson of the National Advisory Council and till 2014 she serves on this post.
  • The Congress lost its power in the 2014 Lok Sabha elections, although Sonia Gandhi retained her seat in Rae Bareli during this time.
  • Even in the general elections held in 2019, when the Congress had to face defeat from all sides, but Sonia Gandhi retained her victory in Rae Bareli. Currently she is holding the post of the President of the Congress Party.
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Achievements of Sonia Gandhi

  • Sonia Gandhi became the Congress President within just 62 days of joining the Congress as a primary member.
  • In the Lok Sabha elections held in 1999, Sonia Gandhi won both Amethi in Uttar Pradesh and Bellary in Karnataka. In Bellary, Sonia had won by defeating the BJP’s late leader Sushma Swaraj.
  • In 2003, Sonia Gandhi, as the leader of an opposition, moved a no-confidence motion against the government.
  • The name of Sonia Gandhi holds the record for longest serving of the Congress Party as President.
  • Sonia Gandhi was elected as a Lok Sabha member from Rae Bareli in Uttar Pradesh in 2004 and 2009.
  • During the Lok Sabha elections held in 2004, Sonia Gandhi won a major victory from Rae Bareli constituency. A coalition government of about 15 parties was formed, led by the Congress, which was named the United Progressive Alliance (UPA).
  • During her tenure as National Advisory Committee and Chairperson of the UPA Government, Sonia Gandhi played an important role in the formulation of National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and Right to Information Act.
  • Sonia Gandhi addressed the United Nations on October 2, 2007, on the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. After which the United Nations passed a resolution on 15 July 2007, and then began to celebrate this day as International Nonviolence Day.
  • In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections, the Congress came to power with 206 seats. This was the first time since 1991 that any party had come to power by winning so many seats.
  • In 2013, Sonia Gandhi was the only person to have the distinction of being the President of Congress for 15 consecutive years. In the same year, Soniaji strongly opposed the support of Section 377 against the decision of the Supreme Court.
  • Sonia Gandhi retained Rae Bareli’s seat in the 2014 general election.
  • In the general elections held in 2019, Sonia Gandhi again won from Rae Bareli’s seat, although during this election she could win by a very small margin.
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Sonia Gandhi received awards / honors

  • In 2004, Sonia Gandhi was named in Forbes Magazine as the third most powerful woman in the world.
  • In 2006, Sonia Gandhi was awarded the “Emperor Leopold” by the government of Bezliam.
  • In 2007 and 2008, Sonia Gandhi was included in the list of 100 most influential people in the world by Time magazine.
  • In 2009, Sonia Gandhi was included in the list of the ninth most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine.
  • In 2010, Sonia Gandhi was included among the 50 influential people in the world by a British magazine “New Statesman”.
  • In 2012, Sonia Gandhi was included as the 12th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine.
  • In 2013, Sonia Gandhi was again given the title of being the third most powerful woman in the world by Forbes magazine.

Books written by Sonia Gandhi

  • ‘Two alone, two together.

Books written on Sonia Gandhi

  • ‘Sonia Gandhi: An Extraordinary Life an Indian Destiny’
  • ‘Sonia: A Biography’

Despite being of foreign origin, Sonia Gandhi has redeemed her name in Indian politics and as president has given a new direction to the Congress Party.

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Some important information about Sonia Gandhi is taken from Wikipedia.

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