Aurobindo Ghosh was a great poet, spiritual teacher, scholar, philosopher, yogi and freedom fighter who fought hard to get the country freedom from the shackles of slavery.
Along with this, he gave a new direction to the politics of India and strongly opposed the British government through his English daily magazine Vande Mataram and made the countrymen aware of their participation in Satyagraha against the British.
His aim was to bring divine power and divine soul into human life, then let us know about the life of Aurobindo Ghosh, a scholar of India.
Biography of Aurobindo Ghosh at a glance – Arvind Ghosh Biography
||Arvind Krishnaghan Ghosh
||15 August 1872 Kolkata (Pt. Bengal)
|Marriage (Wife Name)
||With Mrinalini (in 1901).
||5 December 1950
Birth, childhood, family and education of Arabidon Ghosh – Aurobindo Ghosh Life History
Arbindoghosh was born on 15 August 1872 in Kolkata (India), Bengal province. Krishna Dhun Ghosh was his father and Swarnalata Devi was his mother. His father was an assistant surgeon in Rangpur, Bengal and he was greatly influenced by the culture of the English, so he put his children in English school. Because he also wanted his children to know a lot about Christianity.
Arabindo Ghosh along with his brothers was sent to study at the Loreto House Boarding in Darjeeling. It was considered to be the main center of British government culture. The great grandfather of Arabindo Ghosh was very active in the religious reform movement like Brahmo Samaj. Inspired by them, Arbindo Ghosh wanted to bring social reform. When Arvind Ghosh was only seven years old, he was sent to England and lived there for about 14 years.
In England, Arbindo Ghosh started his studies at St. Paul’s School (1884) and after receiving a scholarship, he attended King’s College (1890) in Cambridge. He was very smart and intelligent in his studies, due to which he also passed the examination of Indian Chartered Service. At the age of 28, Arbindo Ghosh married Bhupal Chandra Bose’s girl Mrinalini in 1901. But Mrinalini died of an influenza infection in December 1918.
Role in Indian freedom struggle – Role in the Indian Freedom Struggle
When Arbindo Ghosh got a job with Gaekwad of Baroda in the year 1893, he returned to India. He knew many languages of other countries, but he had very little knowledge about Indian culture. He worked as a teacher in Baroda for 12 years, for some time he was also the secretary of the Gaekwad Maharaja.
For some time, he also served as Vice Principal of Baroda College, due to which he got to know about Indian culture and language. After living in India for a few years, Arbindo Ghosh realized that the British had tried to destroy Indian culture and so slowly he started taking interest in politics. He insisted on demanding complete independence for India from the beginning.
In 1905, Viceroy Lord Curzon partitioned Bengal. Movements started against the partition of Bengal in the whole country. The entire nation stood up against this division. At such a time, it was impossible for a revolutionary like Aurobindo Ghosh to sit in peace. After the partition of Bengal, he moved to Kolkata in 1906.
Above all, Arabindo Ghosh opposed the British government in a non-cooperative and quiet manner, but from the inside he worked with the revolutionary Sanghatana. Aurobindo Ghosh of Bengal lived with many revolutionaries and he inspired Bagha Jatin, Jatin Banerjee and Surendranath Tagore.
Also, several committees were set up, including the Anushilan Samiti. He also attended the session of the Indian National Congress in the year 1906 and Dadabhai Naoroji was the president of this session. He worked for the four main objectives of the national movement – Swaraj, Swadesh, boycott and fulfillment of national education. He started the newspaper ‘Vande Mataram’ in 1907.
He strongly criticized the government’s injustice in ‘Vande Mataram’. In ‘Vande Mataram’, a case has been registered against him for writing against the British, but he escaped. In 1907, the Congress Moderate and Extremist were divided into two such groups. Arvind Ghosh was involved in extremist factions and he supported Bal Gangadhar Tilak. After that Arvind Ghosh went to Pune, Baroda Bombay and there he worked a lot for the national movement.
In 1908, two young men from Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki in Anushilan Samiti planned to kill the tyrannical judge at Kingford. But he failed in that. Khudiram Bose got into the hands of police. He was hanged. Anushilan Samiti began to nab members. Arvind Ghosh was also arrested.
Opposed the British through their magazines: Arbind Ghosh was a revolutionary whose only goal of life was to make India free from the shackles of subjugation. During that time, seeing the inhuman behavior and atrocities of the British rulers, they had filled the hatred of the British, as well as the spirit of rebellion was growing.
Through his journals, he exposed the rebellious thoughts that had arisen in his mind against his British government and published many articles without giving his name, due to his journals, the anger of the countrymen was also spread in the minds of the British and many young people They were also encouraged to participate in the freedom movement. However, he was forced to bear the atrocities of the British because of his rebellious writings.
Aurobindo Ghosh Philosophy Of Education – Aurobindo Ghosh Philosophy Of Education
While Aurobindo Ghosh was trying to get freedom from the countrymen for his rebellion ideas against the British government, in the meanwhile, the famous Alipore bomb conspiracy case also took place due to which he was arrested by the British officers. His life changed drastically while serving a prison sentence.
His mind turned towards spirituality apart from worldly works. His interest in meditation and yoga started growing and after his release from prison he devoted himself completely to meditation, yoga.
Establishment of Sri Aurobind Ashram – Sri Aurobindo Ashram
Aurobindo Ghosh wrote many articles about spirituality and left Calcutta in 1910 and went to Pondicherry. And there he first stayed with his companions, but then influenced by his thoughts, people started coming from far and wide and thus established a yoga ashram.
After this, after focusing on yoga for nearly 4 years, Aurobindo Ghosh shared his thoughts in a magazine called Philosopher and later his magazine became very popular and later aired as a TV serial. Let us tell you that Arbindo Ghosh included War and Self Determination, The Renaissance in India, The Future Poetry, The Ideal of Human Unity.
Sri Aurobindo Ghosh had full faith in spirituality, according to him, spirituality is associated with every human being. In 1926, with the help of his spiritual colleagues, Mirra Alfassa (Mother), founded the Sri Aurobindo Ashram. The main objective of Sri Aurobindo Ghosh was to develop human and make human life more beautiful.
Aurobindo Ghosh Awards
Arbindo Ghosh was also nominated for the Nobel’s Sahitya Puraskar (1943) and the Nobel’s Peace Prize (1950) for his contribution to poetry, spirituality and philosophy.
Death of Arvind Ghosh – Arvind Ghosh’s Death
Shri Aurobindo Ghosh died on December 5, 1950.
He was also praised by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of independent India and Dr. Rajendra Prasad, President of India for his invaluable contribution in the field of Spirituality and Philosophy. He tried all ways to get freedom for the country and he was also successful in that. To awaken the youth of the country and to intensify the spark of freedom in his heart, he had launched a newspaper ‘Vande Mataram’.
Many revolutionary constructions were made by reading the views of this newspaper. He made many movements to get freedom for the country. His movements were so fierce that he even had to go to jail once. Arabindo Ghosh also wanted to improve the country with the help of social reformers. That is why he also organized many social movements.
Arabindo Ghosh’s literary talent – Aurobindo Ghosh Books
The principle of non-violent retaliation, Indian Navajivan Veda – Rahasya, The Life Divine, Yogic Samadhan Adi Granth is very popular. Apart from this, when Arvind Ghosh lived in England, he also wrote poems there.
He has made a major contribution to enriching poetry during 1930. He has written a large 24000 line poem called “Savitri” and his poem is based on spirituality. Along with all this, he was also a philosopher, poet, translator and writing on Vedas, Upanishads and Bhagavad Gita.
Aurobindo Ghosh will always be remembered for his contribution to freedom.
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