Sucheta Kripalani Biography
Sucheta Kripalani was a freedom fighter and politician of India. She was the first woman Chief Minister of the country and the fourth Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh. He played an important role in the freedom struggle.
Sucheta Kripalani played an active part in the Quit India Movement in the year 1942 and laid the foundation for the independence of the country following Gandhiji’s ideals. During this time, she also strengthened the female power to face the opponents. Taught the girls to drill and lathi and helped the women suffering in the riot affected areas of Noakhali.
In addition, as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, he forced the state employees to withdraw the strike with strong will. She was first influenced by communism, and then became completely Gandhian. Sucheta Kripalani was one such person, whose affection and militancy was full of codification. So let’s know about Sucheta Kripalani’s life journey-
Biography of first female Chief Minister of India Sucheta Kripalani – Sucheta Kriplani
|Full Name||Sucheta Kripalani (Majumdar)|
|Birthday||25 June 1908, Ambala, Haryana|
|Husband Name||J. B. Kripalani|
|Death||1 December 1974|
Sucheta Kripalani ji’s birth, childhood, family – Sucheta Kriplani Biography
Sucheta Kripalani was born on 25 June 1908 in Ambala, Haryana, to a Bengali Brahmin family. She was educated at Indraprastha College in Punjab and later she became Professor of History (Law) of Hindu University, Banaras. She later married Acharya Kripalani, the main leader of the Indian National Congress. Both the families had opposed their marriage as Acharya used to describe himself as Gandhi.
Sucheta Kripalani’s role in freedom fight – Sucheta Kriplani Freedom Fighter
Sucheta Kripalani was a great freedom fighter of India, who not only joined the freedom movement along with Aruna Asaf Ali and Usha Mehta, but also made the British realize their power through their adventurous activities and make women join the freedom struggle Inspired for.
He made his significant contribution to the Quit India Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi against the British in the year 1942 and visited the riot-infested areas with Gandhiji in Noakhali and helped the women out of the way.
During the Quit India Movement, when all the veteran leaders came under the grip of the British, Sucheta Kripalani showed her intelligence and went underground and carried on this movement for about 2 years. Not only this, Sucheta ji also formed the Underground Volunteer Force and during this time women were also given self defense training. Apart from this, Sucheta Kripalani ji also played the responsibility of assisting the family of the prisoners.
Political journey of Sucheta Kripalani ji at a glance – Sucheta Kriplani Political Career
- In the year 1939, Sucheta Kripalani left her job and entered politics.
- In 1940, Sucheta Kripalani ji conducted a personal satyagraha and was arrested.
- In the year 1941–1942, Sucheta Kripalani ji came to the fore with Aruna Asif Ali and other famous women leaders during the Quit India Movement and during this time she was appointed as the Minister of Women and Foreign Affairs of the All India Congress Committee. .
- From 1942 to 1944, when Sucheta Kripalani ji saw the arrest of big Congress leaders during the freedom struggle, he started an underground movement, however in the year 1944, Sucheta Kripalani ji was arrested.
- The year 1946 was a great one for Sucheta Kripalani, during which she was appointed as a member of the Central Legislative Assembly. Along with this, she was also elected as a member of the Constituent Assembly. Not only this, in view of his political dedication and ability, he was also made a member of the Sub-Committee which prepared the Charter of the Constitution of India.
- On August 15, 1947, Sucheta ji sang the national anthem Vande Mataram before delivering Nehru’s speech in Parliament.
- Sucheta Kripalani was elected to the assembly for the first time in the year 1948 and was a member of the Congress Executive from 1948 to 1951.
- In 1949, Sucheta Kripalani was appointed as the representative of the United Nations General Assembly.
- Sucheta Kripalani ji served as a member of the Provisional Lok Sabha from 1950 to 1952.
- Sucheta Kripalani was elected to the Lok Sabha from New Delhi parliamentary constituency in the years 1952 and 1957. During this time he was also given the responsibility of the post of Minister of State in the Ministry of Small Scale Industries.
- From 1962-1967, Sucheta Kripalani was elected to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly from Mehndaval on a Congress ticket.
- In the year 1962, Sucheta Kripalani ji contested from Kanpur Assembly seat in Uttar Pradesh assembly elections and won this election. And he was made a cabinet minister in the Government of Uttar Pradesh. During this Sucheta ji handled the responsibility of Ministry of Labor, Community, Development and Industry efficiently.
Sucheta Kripalani as the first woman CM of the country – First Woman Chief Minister of India
Congress leader Kamalanapati Tripathi and C.B. There was a mutual disagreement between the Guptas. And cb Gupta lost in the UP Assembly elections held in 1962 and he did not want Kamalapati Tripathi to become the Chief Minister at all. Hence C.B. Seeing the political genius of Sucheta Kripalani, Gupta encouraged her to stake her claim to the post of CM of Uttar Pradesh. after which
Sucheta Kripalani became the first woman Chief Minister of the country on 2 October 1963 with becoming the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and held this post till March 13, 1967 and as a skilled administrator in CM, got the development work done in her state and herself borne out.
While Sucheta Kripalani ji was representing Uttar Pradesh as the Chief Minister, the state employees went on a long strike for about 62 days demanding increase in salary, but Sucheta Kripalani ji was a staunch politician, The workers were adamant on their decision, after which the employees were forced to withdraw their strike. First influenced by communism and then fully Gandhian.
Sucheta Kripalani ji contested from Gonda in Uttar Pradesh in 1967 and was then elected to the Lok Sabha.
After this, Sucheta Kripalani ji retired from political life in the year 1971. And she lived in solitude until her death in 1974.
Sucheta Kripalani’s last time – Sucheta Kriplani Death
In the last days of her life, Sucheta Kripalani lived with her husband in Delhi and due to her absence, she donated all her assets and resources to the Public Welfare Committee.
Let us tell you that the first woman Chief Minister of the country, Kripalani ji had written her autobiography “An Unfinished Autobiography” in the last days of her life, her autobiography was published in 3 different parts. He died on 1 December 1974 due to a heart attack. Mrs. Sucheta Kripalani’s contribution to the freedom movement will always be remembered.
In her condolence message, Mrs. Indira Gandhi said that,
“Sucheta ji was a woman of such rare courage and character that Indian women are respected.”
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