Surendranath Banerjee biography
Surendranath Banerjee was a great freedom fighter and diplomat of India, also known as Rashtravaguru. Not only did he establish the Indian National Association, the oldest political organization in India, but he also had the privilege of becoming the President of the Indian National Congress twice. Surendra Nath Banerjee raised his voice against the British rule and demanded a change in the law for the interests of the country.
Apart from this, he strongly opposed the partition of Bengal and forced the British to withdraw their decision to partition Bengal, hence he is also known as the King of Bengal and the creator of Bengal. He was not only a liberal politician, but also a qualified educationist and renowned teacher.
Surendra Nathji was one of the most prominent and popular leaders of the freedom movement, who gave a strong edge to the movement to get freedom to slave India. So let’s know some important things about the life of ‘Sir’ Surendra Nath Banerjee
Introduction of Surendranath Banerjee, the creator of Indian nationalism – Surendranath Banerjee
Surendranath Banerjee’s biography at a glance – Surendranath Banerjee Information
|Birthday||10 November 1848, Calcutta|
|Father Name||Dr. Durga Charan Banerjee|
|Death||6 August 192, Barrackpore|
Surendranath Banerjee’s birth, family, education and early life – Surendranath Banerjee Life History
Surendranath Banerjee was born in a Bengali Brahmin family in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency. His father Durga Charan Banerjee was a doctor who had a profound influence on him, he was greatly inspired by his father’s liberal views.
Banerjee received her early education from the Parental Academic Institute and Hindu College. After this he completed his graduation from Calcutta University and after that he went to England in 1868 to appear for Indian Civil Examinations in collaboration with Romesh Chandra Dutt and Bahri Lal Gupta.
At first, he was refused to appear for the Public Service Commission examination, although in the year 1871 he took the examination again and passed the ICS examination.
Ethnic discrimination was victimized:
Surendranath Banerjee applied for the Indian Civil Service (Indian Administrative Service) after completing his graduation. However, at that time, only one Hindu man was serving in this Indian Civil Service. At the same time, Banerjee was not included in this examination by arguing that her age was wrong.
Seeing all this, Banerjee raised her voice against caste discrimination and in an appeal argued that according to Hindu customs and traditions, she had added her age from the time of conception and not after birth. He also won this case and was then appointed to the post of Assistant Magistrate in Sylhet (present-day Bangla Desh).
But due to some serious judicial irregularities, he was removed from the post in the year 1874. He then tried to get his name registered as a lawyer, but was refused permission for this, as he was fired from the Indian Civil Service, which hurt his feelings, and all this hurt him It was enough to explain that he is being mistreated as an Indian.
Surendra Nath Banerjee ji founded the Indian Association:
Surendra Nath returned to India in the year 1875. Banerjee then served as an English professor at the Metropolitan Institute, The Free Church Institute and Ripon College. Let me tell you that he founded this college in 1882.
Banerjee then started giving social speeches on national and political subjects and Indian history. On 26 July 1876, the Indian National Association was established with Anandmohan Bose, an ancient Indian political institution. Through this institution, he was fighting against the British Raj over the age limit of the students appearing for the examination of the Indian Civil Service.
Along with this, he also stood up against the caste discrimination being practiced by the British authorities, and while visiting India, he also gave public speeches from place to place. Due to which his popularity spread throughout the country and he became famous as a favorite politician.
Invaluable contribution made in awakening the countrymen:
In 1879 he founded a newspaper called “The Bengali”. In 1883, when Banerjee was imprisoned for publishing inflammatory information against the British ruler in a newspaper, not only the whole of Bengal but also the people of the main cities of India like Amritsar, Agra, Lahore, Faizabad and Pune came out in his defense. Was lying
In this way, the Indian National Association continued to grow and more than 100 delegates were present in its annual conference held in Calcutta. After this, after the Indian National Congress was established in Bombay in 1885, Banerjee mixed her institution with the Indian National Congress itself.
He was appointed as the President of the Congress in 1895 in Pune and in 1902 in Ahmedabad.
Surendra Nath Banerjee – The King of Bengal – Surendranath Banerjee as King of Bengal
Surendranath was one of the most popular leaders of the Indian independence movement, who defended the partition of Bengal in the year 1905. Banerjee was always at the forefront of opposing all campaigns, revolutionary fronts and the British Raj, and he was assisted not only by the people of Bengal but also the people of India.
Thus Banerjee remained a patron of India’s emerging leaders like Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Sarojini Naidu. Along with this, Banerjee was one of the senior leaders of the Congress – who had compromised with the British even after being a militant – and defended the Indian revolutionaries and tried to mold Indian political independence – but then eventually 1906 Bal Gangadhar Tilak left the party for some reason.
Even during the Swadeshi campaign, Banerjee was the main focal point – who at that time encouraged people to use only Indian products and boycott foreign goods. And because of his courageous works, he is called King of Bengal (King of Bengal).
The creator of Indian nationalism Surnendra Nath Banerjee:
Surendra Nath Banerjee played an important role in developing nationalism in India, for this he had first established the ‘Indian National Association’ and later merged it into ‘Indian National Congress’. He had raised his voice to make laws for the interests of the countrymen and had struggled for many years.
He also fought a lot for the demand for national movement independence. Though later the independence movement had completely changed, thus he laid the foundation of the national movement and emerged as the most popular and liberal politician of the freedom struggle.
Surendranath Banerjee’s work at a glance – Surendranath Banerjee Contribution
- After the passing of the ICS examination in 1871, Surendranath’s assistant magistrate of Silhet (now Bangladesh) was appointed to this post.
- In the year 1873, some people had also made false allegations against them. For which a commission was set up to inquire. Even Banerjee was fired from her job, after which she decided to become a lawyer, although she was also denied work as a lawyer.
- As soon as Banerjee returned to India in 1875, Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar appointed him as Professor of English at the Metropolitan College. During this time, while teaching in college, he tried to inculcate patriotism and feelings against the British in the minds of the students.
- In the year 1876, he played his active role in ‘Indian Association’. When the condition of age for the civil service examination was decided from 21 years to 19 years, the government decided. Then his association Indian Association protested this decision in a big way.
- In the year 1876, he was elected on the Kolkata Mahapalika.
- In the year 1882, Banerjee established a school of her own. His school became well known as ‘Ripon College’. Surendranath Banerjee did public awareness through his ‘Bengali’ magazine.
- He had a significant contribution in the emergence of the Indian National Congress. He was in Poona in the year 1895 and he was the President of the Congress session held in Ahmedabad in 1902. He further showed a big heart to merge with the Indian Association National Congress.
- In the year 1905, Surendra Nath Banerjee strongly opposed the partition of Bengal of the British Government. For this reason, he is considered to be an ‘All India Leader’ and ‘Leader of Indian Youth’.
- In the year 1918, there was a difference in the Mumbai Congress session. Surendranath and his group withdrew from the Congress. The same year he founded the ‘Indian National Liberal Federation’. And then he was made the minister of local self-government.
Surendra Nath Banerjee dies – Surendranath Banerjee Death
Surendra Nath Banerjee, one of the makers of Indian nationality, remained devoted to the national interest throughout his life. He had struggled for more than 50 years in his life to make laws for the country and to demand more share in the administration of the country. At the same time, after losing the election in 1923, he stayed away from public life and on August 6, 1925, he breathed his last.
Award – He was conferred with the title of ‘Sir’ by the British Government.
- The first Indian to pass the ICS examination.
- Father of Indian Nationalism.
Some important and interesting facts related to the life of Surendra Nath Banerjee – About Surendranath Banerjee
Born in the Bengali Brahmin family, Surendra Nath Banerjee was not allowed to appear in the Public Service Commission examination on the grounds of being told that he was wrong in 1869, although in 1871 he was again allowed to appear in the examination. Surendra Nath Banerjee also suffered from racial discrimination, even fired him from the job, after which he also opposed it, but no conclusion was found. Surendra Nath Banerjee, who devoted his life to the national interest, was one of the most popular leaders of the independence movement, who defended the partition of Bengal in the year 1905.
Surendra Banerjee was the person who advocated the goods manufactured in India against foreign goods. Surendra Nath Banerjee was awarded the title of “Sir” by the British Government in 1921. Sir Surendranath Banerjee was the main, popular and liberal leader of the Indian freedom struggle. He was a patriot, professor, journalist, writer and an influential speaker.
Due to the revolutionary ideas he filled in the new youth of Bengal for the protection of the ancient Indian history and the security of the country, he holds a prominent position among the great persons of our country. He was an active worker in the Indian freedom struggle. The people of the country will always remember the actions done by them against the British ruler.
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